In Depth: The U.S. Power Industry, ISO Markets, Electric Power Transactions, & Renewable Energy Resoutces

PGS Energy Training
Training overview
2 days
2,395 USD
English
Classroom / Public
Next start date: 3/25/2020 - Hilton Head Island
Start dates
Hilton Head Island
3/25/2020   (English)
2,395 USD
San Francisco Bay Area
5/5/2020   (English)
2,395 USD
PGS Energy

Course description

In Depth: The U.S. Power Industry, ISO Markets, Electric Power Transactions, & Renewable Energy Resoutces

This in-depth, fast-paced program provides a comprehensive explanation of the structure, function, current status of U. S. electric power industry and the many industry topics. It also adds material to address the fundamentals of power marketing and how competitive physical, financial and heat rate power transactions are designed and executed at the wholesale and end-user retail levels--both within and outside of an ISO footprint.

The basics of heat rates, spark spreads, tolling deals, generation optionality, and heat-rate-linked power transactions are addressed. Before addressing power marketing and transactions, seminar provides a comprehensive and clear explanation of the structure, function, and current status of today's U. S. electric power industry; who the industry players are, and why it is so difficult to develop new projects and get things done; the fundamentals of ISO day-ahead auctions, LMP, FTRs, CRRs, LSEs, SCs, QSEs and forward capacity markets; the basics of utility cost-of-service ratemaking, competitive customer choice retail markets, heat rates, electricity storage, solar, wind, distributed energy resoutces (“DER”), demand response and demand side management (“DSM”); and the reliability and economic “Duck Curve” type of issues raised by the integration of renewable energy, DER, and electricity storage resoutces into the existing power grid.

Who should attend?

Among those who will benefit from this seminar include:

  • Energy and electric power executives
  • Attorneys
  • Government regulators
  • Traders & trading support staff
  • Marketing, sales, purchasing & risk management personnel
  • Accountants & auditors
  • Plant operators
  • Engineers
  • And Corporate planners.
  • Types of companies that typically attend this program include energy producers and marketers
  • Utilities
  • Banks & financial houses
  • Industrial companies
  • Accounting, consulting & law firms
  • Municipal utilities
  • Government regulators and electric generators.

Training Content

What You Will Learn


  1. The structure and function of the electric service system, its terminology and units, and the properties of electricity.
  2. How the North American power grid is structured, how it operates and what the different types of electric generation are.
  3. How control areas, balancing authorities, spinning reserves, AGC and security constrained environmental economic dispatch work.
  4. Who the key players in the industry are, and why the industry is so difficult to restructure.
  5. How cost-of-service utility ratemaking and open access deregulated markets work, and why open access retail electricity markets are finally developing in states that permit them.
  6. What ISOs, RTOs, ITCs and merchant transmission companies are, and how they operate.
  7. What the smart grid, demand side management (“DSM”), distributed energy resoutces (“DER”) and demand response (“DR”) are, and how these forms of “virtual generation” and renewable energy resoutces are disrupting the U.S. power industry.
  8. The opportunities and challenges associated with wind, solar and other renewables.
  9. How ISO Day-Ahead energy auction markets operate in PJM, New York, Texas, California, MISO and other ISO areas;
  10. What locational marginal pricing (LMP) is and why it is important; how Day-Ahead and Real Time LMP is applied in the ISO markets, and why FTRs, TCCs, CRRs, TCRs , virtual bids (“Incs & Decs”) and convergence bidding are important to understand.
  11. What capacity markets and resoutce adequacy are, and how this important issue relates to demand response, DER and demand side management and affects the integration of wind, solar and other renewables into the existing power grid.
  12. An overview of Utility scale solar, rooftop solar, and net metering, and wind and other renewable energy resoutces.
  13. What the Western Grid "Energy Imbalance Market" is, and why it is important to understand Community Choice Aggregators, the California "Duck Curve" and "FRAC-MOO."

You Will Also Learn


  1. The terminology, concepts and mechanics of physical, financial & heat rate power transactions.
  2. How to transport physical power using OASIS and NERC tags, and how and why companies often move physical power financially causing it to ‘jump’ between regions.
  3. The difference between physical, scheduled, and contract path power flows.
  4. What "sellers choice" is, and how transaction "daisy chains" form at virtual trading hubs.
  5. How and why physical power transactions are often “booked-out” and settled in cash, and why bilateral transactions in ISO markets are primarily financial.
  6. How to execute wholesale and retail power marketing transactions both within and outside of an ISO area- including commonly used contract language and NERC tags; how to manage LMP, basis, delivery, volumetric, intermittency and operational risks; and why NITS, TAC, UCAP, resoutce adequacy and ancillary service charges need to be included.
  7. How ICE & CME cash settled futures contacts, commodity swaps and FTRs/CRRs/TCCs can be used to hedge electricity price, basis and LMP spread risk.
  8. The difference between operating, economic, market and negotiated heat rates, and what the terms spark spread, dark spread and bark spread mean.
  9. What "tolling deals" are, and how the powerful technique of heat-rate-linked power transactions can be used.
  10. How a natural gas-fired generating plant is a call option on the spark spread, what "optionality" means, and a simple rule to use to optimize the economics of a natural gas or coal-fired merchant generating plant.

About PGS

PGS Energy Training

PGS Energy Training

PGS Energy Training (PGS) is a leading provider of quality seminars for the electric power and energy industries. Established in 1990, PGS offers on-site training programs, open-registration classroom seminars, live online seminars, and private education sessions for senior executives....


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